Merge request pipelines (FREE)
pipelines for merge requeststo
merge request pipelinesin GitLab 14.8.
You can configure your pipeline to run every time you commit changes to a branch. This type of pipeline is called a branch pipeline.
Alternatively, you can configure your pipeline to run every time you make changes to the source branch for a merge request. This type of pipeline is called a merge request pipeline.
- Run when you push a new commit to a branch.
- Are the default type of pipeline.
- Have access to some predefined variables.
- Have access to protected variables and protected runners.
Merge request pipelines:
- Do not run by default. The jobs in the CI/CD configuration file must be configured to run in merge request pipelines.
- If configured, merge request pipelines run when you:
- Create a new merge request from a source branch with one or more commits.
- Push a new commit to the source branch for a merge request.
- Select Run pipeline from the Pipelines tab in a merge request. This option is only available when merge request pipelines are configured for the pipeline and the source branch has at least one commit.
- Have access to more predefined variables.
- Do not have access to protected variables or protected runners.
Both of these types of pipelines can appear on the Pipelines tab of a merge request.
Types of merge request pipelines
The three types of merge request pipelines are:
- Merge request pipelines, which run on the changes in the merge request's
source branch. Introduced
in GitLab 14.9, these pipelines display a
merge requestlabel to indicate that the pipeline ran only on the contents of the source branch, ignoring the target branch. In GitLab 14.8 and earlier, the label is
- Merged results pipelines, which run on the result of combining the source branch's changes with the target branch.
- Merge trains, which run when merging multiple merge requests at the same time. The changes from each merge request are combined into the target branch with the changes in the earlier enqueued merge requests, to ensure they all work together.
To use merge request pipelines:
- Your project's CI/CD configuration file must be configured with jobs that run in merge request pipelines. To do this, you can use:
- You must have at least the Developer role in the source project to run a merge request pipeline.
- Your repository must be a GitLab repository, not an external repository.
rules to add jobs
You can use the
rules keyword to configure jobs to run in
merge request pipelines. For example:
job1: script: - echo "This job runs in merge request pipelines" rules: - if: $CI_PIPELINE_SOURCE == 'merge_request_event'
You can also use the
workflow: rules keyword
to configure the entire pipeline to run in merge request pipelines. For example:
workflow: rules: - if: $CI_PIPELINE_SOURCE == 'merge_request_event' job1: script: - echo "This job runs in merge request pipelines" job2: script: - echo "This job also runs in merge request pipelines"
only to add jobs
You can use the
only keyword with
to configure jobs to run in merge request pipelines.
job1: script: - echo "This job runs in merge request pipelines" only: - merge_requests
Use with forked projects
External contributors who work in forks can't create pipelines in the parent project.
A merge request from a fork that is submitted to the parent project triggers a pipeline that:
- Is created and runs in the fork (source) project, not the parent (target) project.
- Uses the fork project's CI/CD configuration, resources, and project CI/CD variables.
Pipelines for forks display with the fork badge in the parent project:
Run pipelines in the parent project (PREMIUM)
Project members in the parent project can trigger a merge request pipeline for a merge request submitted from a fork project. This pipeline:
- Is created and runs in the parent (target) project, not the fork (source) project.
- Uses the CI/CD configuration present in the fork project's branch.
- Uses the parent project's CI/CD settings, resources, and project CI/CD variables.
- Uses the permissions of the parent project member that triggers the pipeline.
Run pipelines in fork project MRs to ensure that the post-merge pipeline passes in the parent project. Additionally, if you do not trust the fork project's runner, running the pipeline in the parent project uses the parent project's trusted runners.
Fork merge requests can contain malicious code that tries to steal secrets in the parent project when the pipeline runs, even before merge. As a reviewer, carefully check the changes in the merge request before triggering the pipeline. Unless you trigger the pipeline through the API or the
/rebase quick action, GitLab shows a warning that you must accept before the pipeline runs. Otherwise, no warning displays.
- The parent project's CI/CD configuration file must be configured to run jobs in merge request pipelines.
- You must be a member of the parent project with permissions to run CI/CD pipelines. You might need additional permissions if the branch is protected.
- The fork project must be visible to the user running the pipeline. Otherwise, the Pipelines tab does not display in the merge request.
To use the UI to run a pipeline in the parent project for a merge request from a fork project:
- In the merge request, go to the Pipelines tab.
- Select Run pipeline. You must read and accept the warning, or the pipeline does not run.
You can disable this feature by using the projects API
to disable the
The setting is
enabled by default.
Available predefined variables
When you use merge request pipelines, you can use:
- All the same predefined variables that are available in branch pipelines.
- Additional predefined variables available only to jobs in merge request pipelines. These variables contain information from the associated merge request, which can be when calling the GitLab Merge Request API endpoint from a job.
Two pipelines when pushing to a branch
If you get duplicate pipelines in merge requests, your pipeline might be configured to run for both branches and merge requests at the same time. Adjust your pipeline configuration to avoid duplicate pipelines.
In GitLab 13.7 and later,
you can add
workflow:rules to switch from branch pipelines to merge request pipelines.
After a merge request is open on the branch, the pipeline switches to a merge request pipeline.
Two pipelines when pushing an invalid CI/CD configuration file
If you push an invalid CI/CD configuration to a merge request's branch, two failed pipelines appear in the pipelines tab. One pipeline is a failed branch pipeline, the other is a failed merge request pipeline.
When the configuration syntax is fixed, no further failed pipelines should appear. To find and fix the configuration problem, you can use:
The merge request's pipeline is marked as failed but the latest pipeline succeeded
When using the merge when pipeline succeeds feature and both pipelines types are present, the merge request pipelines are checked, not the branch pipelines.
Therefore, the MR pipeline result is marked as unsuccessful if the merge request pipeline fails, independently of the branch pipeline result.
- These conditions are not enforced.
- A race condition determines which pipeline's result is used to either block or pass merge requests.
This bug is tracked on issue 384927.
An error occurred while trying to run a new pipeline for this merge request.
This error can happen when you select Run pipeline in a merge request, but the project does not have merge request pipelines enabled anymore.
Some possible reasons for this error message:
The project does not have merge request pipelines enabled, has no pipelines listed in the Pipelines tab, and you select Run pipelines.
The project used to have merge request pipelines enabled, but the configuration was removed. For example:
- The project has merge request pipelines enabled in the
.gitlab-ci.ymlconfiguration file when the merge request is created.
- The Run pipeline options is available in the merge request's Pipelines tab, and selecting Run pipeline at this point likely does not cause any errors.
- The project's
.gitlab-ci.ymlfile is changed to remove the merge request pipelines configuration.
- The branch is rebased to bring the updated configuration into the merge request.
- Now the pipeline configuration no longer supports merge request pipelines, but you select Run pipeline to run a merge request pipeline.
- The project has merge request pipelines enabled in the
If Run pipeline is available, but the project does not have merge request pipelines enabled, do not use this option. You can push a commit or rebase the branch to trigger new branch pipelines.