Lu, Liqiang; Gopalan, Balaji; Benyahia, Sofiane, Assessment of Different Discrete Particle Methods Ability To Predict Gas-Particle Flow in a Small-Scale Fluidized Bed, Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, vol. 56 Issue 27, Jul. 2017, Pages: 7865-7876 https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.iecr.7b01862
Abstract: Several discrete particle methods exist in the open literature to simulate fluidized bed systems, such as discrete element method (DEM), time-driven hard sphere (TDHS), coarse-grained particle method (CGPM), coarse grained hard sphere (CGHS), and multiphase particle-in-cell (MP-PIC). The main difference between these methods is in the treatment of particleparticle interactions: by calculating collision forces (DEM and CGPM), using momentum conservation laws (TDHS and CGHS), or based on the particle stress model (MP-PIC). Here, these methods are compared by simulating the same small-scale fluidized bed with the same open-source code MFIX. The results indicate that both modeling the particleparticle collision by TDHS and lumping a few particles in a parcel increase the computation speed with little loss in accuracy. However, the MP-PIC method predicts an unphysical particleparticle overlap, which results in incorrect overall bed hydrodynamics. These results suggest using the CGHS method for fluidized bed simulations owing to its accuracy and efficiency.
Keywords: MFIX-DEM SOFTWARE; DRAG FORCE; CFD-DEM; SIMULATION; MODEL; VALIDATION; GELDART; VERIFICATION