Pang, B. W., Shuyan; Lu, Huilin. "A modified drag model for power-law fluid-particle flow used in computational fluid dynamics simulation," Advanced Powder Technology Vol. 32, No. 4, 2021, pp. 1207-1218. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apt.2021.02.023. (https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921883121000893)
Abstract: A modified drag model for the power-law fluid-particle flow considering effects of rheological properties was proposed. At high particle concentrations (?s ? 0.2), based on the Ergun equation, the cross-sectional shape and the tortuosity of the pore channel are considered, and the apparent flow behavior index and consistency coefficient of the power-law fluid at the surface of the particles are corrected. At low particle concentrations (?s < 0.2), based on the Wen-Yu drag model, the modified Reynolds number for power-law fluid and the relational expression between drag coefficient for single particle and Reynolds number that considers the effect of the flow behavior index are adopted. Numerical simulations for the power-law fluid-particle flow in the fluidized bed were carried out using the non-Newtonian drag model. The effects of rheological parameters on the drag coefficient were analyzed. The comparisons of simulation and experiment show that the modified drag model predicts reasonable void fraction under different rheological parameters, particle diameters, and liquid velocities in both low particle concentrations and high particle concentrations. The increase in flow behavior index and consistency coefficient increases the drag coefficient between the two phases and decreases the average particle concentration within the bed.
Keywords: Power-law fluid; Drag model; Rheological properties; Two-phase flow; Simulation