Yokoo, K. W., Akinobu; Kishida, Masahiro; Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi. "Experimental and numerical investigation of catalytic PM combustion in a fluidized bed type PM removal device for low-temperature continuous regeneration," Advanced Powder Technology Vol. 32, No. 1, 2021, pp. 151-165. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apt.2020.11.024. (https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921883120305318)
Abstract: A fluidized bed filter can perform highly efficient PM collection and low-temperature continuous regeneration. However, to further reduce continuous regeneration temperature, a rough surface bed particle was selected herein. It is expected that the rough surface increases and stabilizes doped catalyst on bed particle even in fluidized bed. This bed particle can stably support 9.48 g-catalyst/kg-bed particle of doped catalyst versus 1.58 g-catalyst/kg-bed particle in previous research. This increase in catalyst amount increases the probability of good PM-catalyst contact, and collection efficiency can easily maintain its initial value due to catalytic PM combustion. PM combustion also depends on fluidization. Thus, combustion kinetics in a fluidized bed was investigated via a newly developed thermogravimetric analyzer that considered PM-gas relative velocity, and a constructed kinetic model was applied to numerical simulation. PM combustion obeyed an Arrhenius relationship, and the effect of PM-gas relative velocity was included in the kinetic model as a mass transfer term. A continuous regeneration experiment was conducted under optimal conditions, and the continuous regeneration temperature is 330 °C. As water vapor occurs in combustor exhaust, we added 10 vol% water vapor and found that the continuous regeneration is further reduced to 300 °C.
Keywords: Low temperature combustion; PM; Kinetic modeling; Fluidized bed; Continuous regeneration