Shamsi, M. O., Ahmed Abbas; Farokhi, Saman; Bayat, Ahmad. "A novel process simulation model for hydrogen production via reforming of biomass gasification tar," International Journal of Hydrogen Energy Vol. 47, No. 2, 2022, pp. 772-781.
Abstract: Process modeling and simulation are very important for new designs and estimation of operating variables. This study describes a new process for the production of hydrogen from lignocellulosic biomass gasification tars. The main focus of this research is to increase hydrogen production and improve the overall energy efficiency of the process. In this study, Aspen HYSYS software was used for simulation. The integration structure presented in this research includes sections like tar reforming and ash separation (Ash), combined heat and power cycle (CHP), hydrogen sulfide removal unit (HRU), water-gas shift (WGS) reactor, and gas compression as well as hydrogen separation from a mixture of gases in pressure swing adsorption (PSA). It was found that the addition of CHP cycle and the use of the plug flow reactor (PFR) model, firstly, increased the overall energy efficiency of the process by 63% compared to 29.2% of the base process. Secondly it increased the amount of hydrogen production by 0.518 kmol (H2)/kmol Tar as compared with 0.475 of the base process. Process analysis also demonstrated that the integrated process of hydrogen production from biomass gasification tars is carbon neutral.
Keywords: Hydrogen; Process simulation; Aspen HYSYS; Tar reforming; Biomass gasification