Yuan, Z. W., Shuyan; Shao, Baoli; Xie, Lei; Chen, Yujia; Ma, Yimei. "Investigation on effect of drag models on flow behavior of power-law fluid–solid two-phase flow in fluidized bed," Particuology, 2022.
Abstract: In this study, a Eulerian-Eulerian two-fluid model combined with the kinetic theory of granular flow is adopted to simulate power-law fluid–solid two-phase flow in the fluidized bed. Two new power-law liquid–solid drag models are proposed based on the rheological equation of power-law fluid and pressure drop. One called model A is a modified drag model considering tortuosity of flow channel and ratio of the throat to pore, and the other called model B is a blending drag model combining drag coefficients of high and low particle concentrations. Predictions are compared with experimental data measured by Lali et al., where the computed porosities from model B are closer to the measured data than other models. Furthermore, the predicted pressure drop rises as liquid velocity increases, while it decreases with the increase of particle size. Simulation results indicate that the increases of consistency coefficient and flow behavior index lead to the decrease of drag coefficient, and particle concentration, granular temperature, granular pressure, and granular viscosity go down accordingly.
Keywords: Power-law liquid–solid drag models; Power-law fluid; Liquid–solid two-phase flow; Eulerian-Eulerian two-fluid model