L.M. Garcia-Gutierrez, F. Hernández-Jiménez, E. Cano-Pleite, A. Soria-Verdugo, Improvement of the simulation of fuel particles motion in a fluidized bed by considering wall friction, Chemical Engineering Journal, Volume 321, 1 August 2017, Pages 175-183, ISSN 1385-8947, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2017.03.109.
Abstract: The mixing of fuel particles is a key issue on the performance of fluidized bed reactors. In this work, the motion of a non-reactive fuel particle in a pseudo-2D bubbling fluidized bed operated at ambient conditions is simulated employing a hybrid-model and introducing a new friction term that accounts for the effect of the bed vessel front and rear walls. The hybrid-model, implemented in the code MFIX, simulates the dense and gas phases using a Two-Fluid Model (TFM) whereas the fuel particles are modeled using a Discrete Element Method (DEM). The importance of the present hybrid-model is that the interaction of the continuum phases with the fuel particles behavior is fully coupled. To improve the accuracy of the simulated fuel particle motion in a bubbling fluidized bed, a model accounting for the effect of the bed front and rear walls on the continuum solid phase is combined with the hybrid-model. The rising and sinking velocity of the fuel particles, the circulation time and statistical parameters associated to the location of the fuel particle in the bed were obtained from the simulations and compared with experimental measurements. According to the results, the prediction of these parameters is clearly improved when the friction term is included in the simulation.
Keywords: Fuel motion; Mixing; Bubbling fluidized bed; Hybrid-model; Wall friction