Deepthi Chandramouli, Huda Ashfaq, William A. Rogers, "Experimental and Simulation Analysis of Binary Mixtures of Biomass and Inert Material", DOE/NETL-2020/2134; NETL Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2020; p. 44. DOI: 10.2172/1619201.
Abstract: A literature review was conducted to identify experiments on various scales of biomass combustion specific to circulating fluidized bed (CFB) combustors. Typical feedstock and inert bed material characteristics for biomass combustion in a CFB were gathered. This information was used to design laboratory-scale, non-reacting experiments on biomass-inert bed material mixtures in a 1-in. cylindrical test rig in the Multiphase Flow Analysis Laboratory (MFAL) in Morgantown, WV. The biomass chosen was a hardwood. Pellets from the hardwood were milled and sieved to obtain three size ranges—small, medium, and large. Three mass loadings of each of the biomass samples were fluidized with glass beads as the inert bed material to study the mixing characteristics under varying fluidizing gas velocities. Hydrodynamic data including pressure drop measurements at select vertical locations and video recordings of the mixture behavior were generated in this effort. The data was used to guide development of suitable drag models and associated parameters and to validate the model performance quantitively as well as qualitatively. Future plans include coupling the validated drag model with kinetic schemes identified for biomass pyrolysis and combustion to perform laboratory scale and commercial scale reactor modeling.